How Can Johnson O'Malley Funds Be Used?
Types of Programs
There are a number of different types of programs that school districts and Tribal Contractors can operate. These programs should be developed according to the needs of the eligible Indian students as determined through a needs assessment that the parent committee and/or the contractor should conduct. The amount of Johnson-O'Malley funds available to the contractor will also determine which programs can be reasonably and successfully implemented and operated.
Another factor that needs to be taken into consideration when planning activities is to ensure that Johnson-O'Malley funds are used to support existing programs (supplemental) and are not used to replace programs provided by another funding resource (supplanting).
A. Supplemental Programs - These are programs that support and are in addition to existing programs in the public schools. Johnson-O'Malley funds cannot be used to replace existing programs but may be used to support or enhance the regular school programs.
B. Supplanting Programs - Supplanting means establishing or building programs using Johnson-O'Malley funds that the school should already be providing from their regular budget. Johnson-O'Malley funds cannot be used to replace funds that should be provided for existing programs. Supplanting is not legal in Johnson-O'Malley programs.
Examples of some types of programs currently being conducted through JOM:
- Tutorial/Aides - Under this program, tutor or aides are provided to assist the classroom instructors. Tutors provide one to one assistance to students needing special attention. Aides provide general assistance to a group of students, but may also provide one-to-one assistance if the situation calls for it.
- Teacher Aide - Assist teachers with skill reinforcement.
- Tutors - Provide tutoring on a scheduled basis.
- Head Start/Kindergarten Enrichment - Funds identified for this service are utilized in a variety of ways, such as, staff, supplies and equipment. Johnson-O'Malley funds are especially appreciated at this level because of the limited resources available.
- Home School Coordinator - The importance of a good relationship between the home and school cannot be overemphasized. Personnel, normally someone from within the community, employed to work to keep the lines of communication open. Limited counseling of student and parent may become a part of this service attempting to address problems and keep the student in school.
- Educational Support Costs - Parental Cost funds are used to cover many of the expenses of an educational nature that a student may incur but whose family may not have the financial resources to provide.
- Alternative Program - Funds utilized for this component provides for staff, supplies and equipment in an alternative setting and using differing methods and techniques than the students have experienced in a more traditional program.
- Parent Committee Activities - Funds budgeted for this activity enable members of the Parent Committee to participate in training and attend educational workshops and provide opportunities to share information with other Johnson-O'Malley programs. An important factor to consider in this area is the benefits and services that the student can derive from the Parent Committee activities.
- Indian Education Committee - Appropriate application of funds to assist the Indian Education Committee in carrying out duties.
- Cultural Activities - Considerable attention is being devoted to enhancing the educational programs with cultural activities in the form of art, music, literature, history enrichment projects, field trips, speakers and etc. Local community resource people are frequently asked to provide direction to the schools in this area.
- Substance Abuse Counseling - Unique counseling programs for those students with poor scholastic and attendance records who may have undetected alcohol or drug abuse problems.
- Career Development Counseling - Activities designed to create a greater interest in school that should result in scholastic improvement.
Additional factors that the Indian Education Committee needs to be aware of and take into consideration when planning, implementing and monitoring programs are:
- Educational Support - In order to insure that program funds for this purpose are expended in a manner to meet the greatest need, the parent committee shall develop eligibility guidelines and specific areas where assistance shall be provided. Eligibility guidelines should clearly identify financial need on the part of the parents. The type of aid that is provided should enable the student to participate fully in the educational program available through the school. Expenditure for items that are not clearly related to the educational program offerings of the school should not be included as being eligible under the Parental Cost Program. Some contractors have established internal restrictions, e.g., Navajo Nation limits parental cost to 15% of the total budget.