The State Department of Education (SDE) serves as the contracting agent with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) for the Johnson O'Malley (JOM) program. Although funding is based on total Indian student count in the district, most supplemental programs serve only a portion of their Indian enrollment. The count is composed of those students having a minimum of a quarter (1/4) Indian blood or verified tribal enrollment. The SDE will call for a December 1 student count and student listing. A district is to file a JOM Education Plan with the SDE as well.
The BIA determines a state amount based on the level of funding nationally. At the SDE level a small amount is retained for administration and the remaining amount is divided by the total number of Indian students counted and submitted to the SDE to determine a per student amount. During recent years this rate has been in the $80.00 to $90.00 per student range. For a school district to receive JOM funding, the Indian Education Committee (at it's September 2001 committee meeting) set the minimum number of students to be served by the school district at ten (10).
The major goals of the JOM program are to assure that Indian students are functioning at grade level, that they remain in school through high school graduation, and that their self-concept is promoted through awareness and pride in their cultural heritage. Many participating districts use their JOM funds to provide tutorial assistance for students, counseling, and cultural awareness and enrichment. Most programs are provided during the school day, but others offer after school activities. Most districts combine and/or coordinate their JOM funds and plan with Title IX Indian Education grants from the U. S. Department of Education. Both of these programs require a parent committee, and both are supplemental. These supplemental funds may be used to hire Indian Education coordinators, aides, and/or tutors. The same parent committee can serve both programs and planning is done around both sources of funds. For instance, tutorials may be provided by JOM and cultural enrichment by the Title IX program. The JOM program has helped serve Indian students to better adjust in the public school setting.
JOM funds have slowly been reduced over the years. However, the funds still provide needed help to many youngsters in special areas. The state administration funds assist the state Indian Education Committee. JOM state administrative funds are used to support travel expenses of the Indian Education Committee whenever the Committee meets. The state Indian Education Committee serves as an advisory committee for Indian Education at the state level including JOM programs.