Office of Indian Education

Title VII Programs

The mission of the USD 445 Office of Indian Education is to support the efforts of the other local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary institutions, and other entities to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives assisting them in achieving the academic standards expected of all students.

Brief History of Title VII

Title VII is the policy of the United States to fulfill the Federal Government's unique and continuing trust relationship to the educational needs of American Indian and Alaska Native people. The 1972 Indian Education Act was the landmark legislation establishing a comprehensive approach to meeting the unique needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students. The unique aspects of the original authority have been retained through subsequent legislative reauthorizing statutes, with the latest revision occurring with the amendments made by the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which reauthorized the program as Title VII Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

Johnson O'Malley Programs

Johnson O'Malley Indian Project provides supplementary financial assistance to meet the unique and specialized educational needs of the Indian Children. Johnson-O'Malley funds do not to take the place of federal, state or local funds.

Johnson O'Malley (JOM) is a federally-funded program which provides supplemental education programs for Native American students attending public schools. The State Department of Education receives the funds from the federal government and in turn contracts with the public schools within the Nez Perce Tribal boundaries. Schools receive funds based on the number of Native American students attending each school. Funds must be used to supplement the education of the Native American students. Examples of programs are: tutoring, school supplies, incentives, and field trips. Programs must supplement not supplant the existing programs in the schools. The program(s) are overseen by a committee elected from the parents of Native American students enrolled in the school district. The parent committees are active in the planning and implementing of the JOM program.

A Legislative History of the Johnson-O'Malley Program follows:

The JOM Act (73 Cong., 2nd Session, Chs. 146-1481 April 16 1934 (Title 25 452-455) provided the Secretary of the Interior with the authority to arrange with the states or territories for the education, medical attention, agricultural assistance, relief of distress and social welfare of the Indian and for other purposes.

In 1934, Hiram W. Johnson was Chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs and Thomas P. O'Malley was Chairman of the House Committee on Indian Affairs. Mr. Johnson introduced the bill S2571, in February of 1934. The report of the Senate Committee (S. Rpt. 511) was identical with that of the House (H. Rpt. 864), and stressed the bill was designed to handle

"Indian problems with those States in which the Indian tribal life is largely broken up and in which the Indians are to a considerable extent mixed with the general population." It was felt that where such circumstances prevailed health and other problems were "so intermixed with that of the general health of the community that it is difficult to separate the two." The committee felt separate white and Indian health facilities were "uneconomical and contrary to efficient administration." By this bill the state could handle the services to both white and Indians with the Federal Government bearing the added expense for services to the Indian population. The committee noted the Indian Service had already established the precedent of arranging with many local communities to take Indian children into the public schools, but.lacked the authority to transfer such functions on the broader basis to the States.