Nowhere to go: Idaho’s Homeless Families and Youth


Idaho Homeless Enrollment by LEA Poverty Level

Idaho Homeless Enrollment by LEA Poverty Level illustration

This map shows the correlation of poverty to homelessness in the state of Idaho. Statewide, approximately 47% of students qualify for free and/or reduced price lunches. National data trends show that approximately 10% of students qualifying for free lunch may be living in homeless situations.

In Idaho, we have students who have been identified as homeless living throughout the state in both urban and rural areas - though our more urban areas have a larger number.

Higher population areas with higher homeless percentages include: Coeur d’Alene, Boise, Nampa, Caldwell, and Twin Falls.

Additionally, students qualifying for free lunch are equal to 130% of the Federal Poverty Level and students qualifying for reduced lunch are equal to 185% of the Federal Poverty Level.

Five-year Historical Graph

5 Year comparison of number of homeless children

This graph illustrates the number of unduplicated homeless students throughout the state of Idaho from 2014-2019 School Years (SY):

  • SY 2014-2015: 7,162 homeless youth
  • SY 2015-2016: 7,816 homeless youth
  • SY 2016-2017: 7,816 homeless youth
  • SY 2017-2018: 8,080 homeless youth
  • SY 2018-2019: 7,810 homeless youth

Additional statistics:

  • Approximately 2.5% of all Idaho students are living in Homeless Situations
  • 8,141 students were identified and served by districts
  • 331 of the identified students moved and were served by other districts


Homeless - Where are they Staying?

Where are they Staying Pie Chart

This pie chart shows the percentages of homeless students based on where they were living during the 2018-2019 school year:

  • 80% were doubled-up with friends or family (6,216)
  • 7% were living in Shelters or Transitional Housing (577)
  • 7% were living in hotels or motels (532)
  • 6% were unsheltered (436)

Information comes from the district reported numbers.